The Representation of Reality in Western Literature. Cornell University Press, His approach held sway in English literature programs for several decades but lost favor during the ascendance of post-structuralism. Literary and Cultural Theory 1. Columbia University Press, Afro-Caribbean and African writers—Aime Cesaire, Frantz Fanon, Chinua Achebe—have made significant early contributions to the theory and practice of ethnic criticism that explores the traditions, sometimes suppressed or underground, of ethnic literary activity while providing a critique of representations of ethnic identity as found within the majority culture.
Lentricchia likewise became influential through his account of trends in theory, After the New Criticism. Cornell University Press, Introduction A very basic way of thinking about literary theory is that these ideas act as different lenses critics use to view and talk about art, literature, and even culture.
The other schools of literary theory, to varying degrees, embrace a postmodern view of language and reality that calls into serious question the objective referent of literary studies.
But it was not until the broad impact of structuralism began to be felt in the English-speaking academic world that "literary theory" was thought of as a unified domain. Oxford University Press, In the least sanguine sense of this over and above, we might charge it with superfluity.
The distinction is important because Saussure contended that the relationship between signifier and signified is arbitrary; the only way we can distinguish meaning is by difference one sign or word differs from another.
And perhaps we learn most when we try to understand how other people read and interpret: In an interview with Vanity Fair last yearFerrante acknowledged her debt to contemporary feminist theory: The Formalists placed great importance on the literariness of texts, those qualities that distinguished the literary from other kinds of writing.
The once widely-held conviction an implicit theory that literature is a repository of all that is meaningful and ennobling in the human experience, a view championed by the Leavis School in Britain, may no longer be acknowledged by name but remains an essential justification for the current structure of American universities and liberal arts curricula.
The work of the Formalists had a general impact on later developments in "Structuralism" and other theories of narrative. The "New Criticism," so designated as to indicate a break with traditional methods, was a product of the American university in the s and 40s.
Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Ethnic Studies and Postcolonial Criticism "Ethnic Studies," sometimes referred to as "Minority Studies," has an obvious historical relationship with "Postcolonial Criticism" in that Euro-American imperialism and colonization in the last four centuries, whether external empire or internal slavery has been directed at recognizable ethnic groups: Addison, Wesley, Longman, Monthly Review Press, Postcolonial theory has brought fresh perspectives to the role of colonial peoples—their wealth, labor, and culture—in the development of modern European nation states.
Postmodernism in art has included a move toward non-referential, non-linear, abstract forms; a heightened degree of self-referentiality; and the collapse of categories and conventions that had traditionally governed art.
Other tendencies in the moment after "Deconstruction" that share some of the intellectual tendencies of "Poststructuralism" would included the "Reader response" theories of Stanley Fish, Jane Tompkins, and Wolfgang Iser. Ain't I a Woman: Stuart Hall, Meaghan Morris, Tony Bennett and Simon During are some of the important advocates of a "Cultural Studies" that seeks to displace the traditional model of literary studies.
The Pleasure of the Text.
The New Criticism was the first school to disavow the role of the author in interpreting texts, preferring to focus on "the text itself" in a close reading. The Raw and the Cooked.
Hannah and Stanley Mitchell. Lacanian psychoanalysis, an updating of the work of Sigmund Freud, extends "Postructuralism" to the human subject with further consequences for literary theory.Overview For all its shortcomings, literary criticism still provides the poet with the tools for self-evaluation and self-improvement.
It introduces work of periods.
Introduction What is literary or critical theory? What do you mean by “critical perspective”? The terms “literary theory” and “critical. A very basic way of thinking about. literary theory is that these ideas act as. different lenses critics use to write and. talk about art, literature, and even.
culture. These different lenses allow. critics to consider works of art based. on certain assumptions. Literary theory and criticism are steadily evolving disciplines devoted to the interpretation of literary works. They offer unique ways to analyze texts through specific perspectives or sets of principles.
The realisation underlying literary theory, that how we interpret is as important as what we interpret, is perhaps the most important innovation in the study of literature in the last thirty years.
It has changed English completely as a subject and given it a new burst of life, helping the subject to teach us about literature, ourselves, others. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.Download