Motivational theory and management

Not only can intrinsic motivation be used in a personal setting, but it can also be implemented and utilized in a social environment. And while employees can easily learn the tasks and procedures required to carry out their roles, organizations can benefit from providing motivational incentives for exceptional job performance.

This therefore demonstrating that when collaboration and non-segregative tasks are norms within a child's upbringing, their internal motivation to participate in community tasks increases. Thus, he proposed a different set of assumptions about human nature as it pertains to the workplace.

Second, the effect of Theory X and Theory Y on management functions is discussed. The needs, listed from basic lowest-earliest to most complex highest-latest are as follows: In Motivational theory and management view of behaviorism, motivation is understood as a question about what factors cause, prevent, or withhold various behaviors, while the question of, for instance, conscious motives would be ignored.

This differs from the rational system, which assumes that people prefer routine and security to creativity. Vroom's theory assumes that behavior results from conscious choices among alternatives whose purpose it is to maximize pleasure and minimize pain. International Research Journal of Business and Managtement, 7 9.

These rules must be strictly followed. There will be unnecessary delay in decision-making due to formalities and rules. They can be unconditioned, such as in-born reflexes, or learned through the pairing of an unconditioned stimulus with a different stimulus, which then becomes a conditioned stimulus.

The instrumentality is the belief that if one does meet performance expectations, he or she will receive a greater reward.

Self-management through teamwork[ edit ] To successfully manage and motivate employees, the natural system posits that being part of a group is necessary. Their feeling that another purchase would have been preferable is inconsistent with their action of purchasing the item. It does not give importance to human relations.

In relation to motivation, classical conditioning might be seen as one explanation as to why an individual performs certain responses and behaviors in certain situations. The organisation has a well-defined line of authority. In effect, organizations use motivational theories to develop systems that promote productive work environments on both departmental and organizational levels.

Big Mama and the Horse Imagine a young boy growing up in a small dusty village of a no-name town in the tip of Africa. The human relations model was hailed as a more enlightened management paradigm because it explicitly considered the importance of individual and how managers could increase productivity by increasing workers' job satisfaction.

On the other hand this theory is also applied to identify the variables that motivate individual employees in the organisation. The first type refers to one's self-esteem, which encompasses self-confidence, independence, achievement, competence, and knowledge.

Expectancy Theory

A hit on the international circuit, this talk is sure must have. Their activities must be directed. The needs hierarchy system, devised by Maslowis a commonly used scheme for classifying human motives. Drive theory grows out of the concept that people have certain biological drives, such as hunger and thirst.

Dopamine is further implicated Motivational theory and management motivation as administration of amphetamine increased the break point in a progressive ratio self-reinforcement schedule.

Introduction to special topic forum: This is a function of his or her needs, goals, and values. Is it worth the extra effort? Workers need recognition for a job well done and reassurance that their opinion matters in the workplace to be motivated to perform.

To get the toy, he must first communicate to his therapist that he wants it. Motivation and psychotherapy[ edit ] See also: They do this by changing their attitudes, beliefs, or actions, rather than facing the inconsistencies, because dissonance is a mental strain.

Nowadays, informal groups play an important role in all business organisations. Thus, individuals evaluate the rewards given to them for performance based on various aspects. One approach, known as the equity theory, examines how employees perceive the rewards given in exchange for the tasks they must complete.

Perceived organizational support and employee diligence, commitment, and innovation. It is the expectancy that one's effort will lead to the desired performance and is based on past experience, self-confidence, and the perceived difficulty of the performance goal.

In operant conditioningthe type and frequency of behavior is determined mainly by its consequences. Management must discover what employees value. There is a positive correlation between efforts and performance, Favorable performance will result in a desirable reward, The reward will satisfy an important need, The desire to satisfy the need is strong enough to make the effort worthwhile.The Hierarchy of Needs theory was coined by psychologist Abraham Maslow in his paper “A Theory of Human Motivation”.

The crux of the theory is that individuals’ most basic needs must be met before they become motivated to achieve higher level needs. Expectancy Theory. The expectancy theory of motivation has become a commonly accepted theory for explaining how individuals make decisions regarding various behavioral alternatives.

Expectancy theory offers the following propositions: When deciding among behavioral options, individuals select the option with the greatest motivation forces (MF).

Management and Motivation Nancy H. Shanks LEARNING OBJECTIVES highlights the motivational theories that are regularly discussed in man- Scientific Management Theory—Frederick Taylor’s ideas, put into practice by the Gilbreths in the film Cheaper by the Dozen, focused.

Theory X and Theory Y

Bureaucratic Theory by Max Weber. Bureaucratic Theory was developed by a German Sociologist and political economist Max Weber (). According to him, bureaucracy is the most efficient form of organisation.

The organisation has a well-defined line of authority. The Expectancy Theory (ET) of Victor Vroom deals with motivation and's theory assumes that behavior results from conscious choices among alternatives whose purpose it is to maximize pleasure and minimize pain.

This theory can help you to understand people's main motivational drivers, so that you can manage your team more effectively.

Motivational theory and management
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